For most of the ESL teachers who are moving to China, to know the Chinese laws is not an easy thing.
Here in this article, let's explore some interesting law differences between China and the US/Europe.
In China, it's illegal to watch porn, it's a crime to diffuse porn, but it's not illegal to download porn.
Here we need to know the difference between an "illegal action" and a "Crime". For example, jaywalking is illegal, drunk driving is a crime. By jaywalking in China, the person might be fined for 100 RMB, by drunk driving, the person would be put in prison for 1 month which makes him a criminal.
In the US and Europe, it's legal to watch porn (except children porn), diffuse porn with Copywrite accreditation. Diffusing, producing copyright infringement porn is illegal.
In China, drinking is not illegal for any age. In Europe, America, and Australia, it is illegal for minors to drink or buy alcohol, and it is also illegal to sell alcohol to minors.
You can find often the father encourages his 10 years old son to drink beers at a dinner party with friends or family.
It is not illegal to sell home-brewed wine in China (of course, to sell it in a proper shop or on Taobao, you need a QS certificate, but this is not a judicial category, it is an administrative category).In Japan, it is illegal to sell it.
In China, it is against the law to ridicule, ridicule and ridicule the country's leaders. In the United States, it's not illegal. In Europe and Japan, depending on the circumstances, it is generally illegal to poke fun at, mock or satirize one's sovereign (such as the queen of England or the emperor of Japan), but not the leader.
In China, there is no constitutional court, no concept of unconstitutional review, and the provisions of the constitution are not used as a basis for the trial.
As a result, some cases (for example, violations of a citizen's name right, such as going to college under an assumed name) are in an awkward situation where the offender is not tried and the victim is not protected by the law.
There are also administrative disputes that some county-level cities want to get rid of the city and become provinces.
For example, the constitution stipulates that China shall implement the system of level three administrative divisions of provinces, counties, and townships, but it is actually four administrative divisions of provinces, counties, and townships, which is actually unconstitutional.
In my opinion, it is more feasible to directly amend the constitution and change the three administrative divisions into four administrative divisions rather than push forward the provincial administration and county administration.
In Europe, America, and Australia, there are constitutional courts and the concept of unconstitutional review.
Taking drugs (of any kind) is illegal in China. Marijuana is legal in some American states and in some European countries, but the other drugs are illegal.
Of course, in China, it is a crime to sell any kind of drug, and it is also a crime to let others use it in the person's apartment. In countries where cannabis is legal, it is also a crime to sell drugs other than cannabis.
China has not legalized same-sex marriage, which does not recognize same-sex marriages, but does not ban homosexuality. Of course, Taiwan is an exception.
Some European countries (such as the United Kingdom and the Netherlands) and the United States have legalized same-sex marriage. Some European countries and Japan recognize same-sex partnerships, but not marriage. In contrast, homosexuality and same-sex marriage are illegal in Russia.
In Islamic countries (such as Saudi Arabia, Iran, etc.), homosexuality and same-sex marriage are crimes and homosexuals are punished by death.
Polygamy is illegal in China. Of course, the mistress is not illegal, and a common phenomenon.
Polygamy is legal in some Islamic countries.
It is illegal to have more than two children in China.
China is the only country in the world that has laws to restrict births, which is encouraged in many countries.
In China, if taken seriously, school bullying can be linked to the regulations on public security administration and punishment, and more serious school bullying against girls can be judged as the crime of molestation of women, with relevant judicial cases. But, overall, there is no legislation against bullying in schools.
In fact, because the school does not pay attention to, the law enforcement agencies do not act, and the law has immunity provisions for minors, leading to school bullying in a basically can not be followed, lawbreakers will not be prosecuted, the law enforcement is lax.
Every year countless bullied students are left alone to shed tears in bed.
The situation in Japan is similar to that in China.
In the UK and the US, there are sound legislation and strict law enforcement against school bullying. China's Taiwan and Hong Kong have also issued relevant laws.